Oral and maxillofacial surgery involves various procedures, performed by licensed dental surgeons all over the world. There are several dental problems that demand Oral and maxillofacial surgery for relief.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a specialization of the field of dentistry that emphasizes on problems involving the mouth and jaw. Doctors who perform these procedures have to be qualified in the field of dentistry and especially surgical procedures to become experts in this field. Because the surgeries involving maxillofacial regions can include anything, starting from wisdom tooth to more complicated bone graft techniques, experience of the dental surgeon will be vital to the success of the surgery.
Wisdom teeth extractions are very common. An adult person has typically 32 teeth. These teeth can cause problems, which require minute readjustments. Sometimes removal might be required to soothe pain and discomfort. Wisdom teeth removal becomes important when the teeth is impacted and leads to encroachment of surrounding teeth. If left alone, this impacted teeth will cause extreme pain and tooth decay. In some of the extreme cases, the decayed teeth can lead to severe effects on the jawbone, which can alter the jaw line shape.
Dental implants have been used by people who are unhappy with the existing shape of their teeth. Even some major deformities like chips, cracks, gaps and decayed teeth can be replaced with implants. In addition, implants can be a great solution for missing teeth. Teeth looks like a natural teeth, enabling the patient to eat and chew normally. Metal posts have been used for implants; these posts are fitted into the jawbone first, and teeth are implanted onto the same. Implants can help in retaining a severely damaged jaw as well.
TMJ or temporomandibular joint disorder can involve some severe joint problems of the jaw line. TMJ disorders can cause immense pain. In some of the severe cases of TMJ, the jaw might be locked in closed or open position, thus making it very difficult to speak, drink and eat until this problem is treated. TMJ disorder is triggered by various complications, including trauma to jaw, grinding or clenching teeth.
If there is a present section of the jawbone that does not have attached teeth, significant bone loss will occur in that region. It requires a bone graft to put off this condition. Bone graft helps in repairing the site that does not have a bone. It takes some time for the surgery to settle down and give results. Through oral and maxillofacial surgery techniques, the bone will be harvested onto the spot; the bone is usually taken from the hip or leg, and inserted into the jawbone gap. Eventually, the bone starts growing and fills up the gap.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery involves the latest and most sophisticated techniques that can be beneficial to patients having long-term complications. Oral surgery is no longer complicated and painful, because there are many advanced techniques that can give you pain less and safe results within a few days.
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